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AT

Davies, Stephen

The Philosphy of Art

Contents Why study the philosophy of art? 1. Evolution and culture A biological basis for art The cultural invention of art The big and the small picture "It all depends what you mean by the word art." Applications and Connections - the museum, tourist art, popular art, and ancient art 2. Defining art Essentialism and anti-essentialism Arguments against the project of definition If not an essence, what unifies the concept of art? Some definitions of art Definitions and non-Western art Taking stock Applications and Connections - intuition versus definition, art´s value and definition, Euthyphro and experts 3. Aesthetics and the philosophy of art Aesthetic and artistic properties An illustration The aesthetic attitude and art for art´s sake Aesthetic theory criticized Artworks that pose a challenge to aesthetic theory Art´s contextually relative properties Art for art´s sake, again Applications and Connections - copies and misattributions, viscera and understanding 4. Varieties of art Artworks as public items Are artworks created or discovered? Are all artworks potentially multiple? Multiply instanced artworks New works based on old ones The ontological variety of works of art Is the identity of an artwork fixed or evolving? Applications and Connections - musical recordings, the movie of the movie, the matter replicator Questions Further reading 5. Interpretation When is interpretation necessary? What is interpreted? Actual intentionalism Hypothetical intentionalism Value maximization Uses for interpretation Theory-driven interpretation Does interpretation change the work´s meaning? What is interpretation´s primary purpose? 6. Expression and emotional responses The nature of emotion Identifying others´ emotions Identifying the emotions in art The expression of emotion in music and abstract art The emotional response of the audience to the work of art Responding to fictions Responding to tragedies Responding to the expressiveness of instrumental music and abstract art 7. Pictorial representation and the visual arts The experience of representation Representation and resemblance Representation — culture and biology again Art versus non-art, a matter of style Representation in photographs and paintings Recognition and representation Photography as an art Moving images 8. The value of art Evaluation and functionality Rules, universality, and objectivity in artistic evaluation The purpose and form of artistic evaluation What is rewarding about the experience of art? Value and pleasure Art and education Messages through art The relation between artistic and moral values Should a work´s immorality undermine its claims to artistic merit? Morality in documentaries and fictions

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